In 2004 sobukwe was voted 42nd in the sabc3s great south africans. Mar 04, 2019 letters reveal africanist hero robert sobukwes moral courage, and pain. Robert sobukwe south african black nationalist leader. This book, comprising approximately 300 letters, provides access to the voice of robert sobukwe via the single most poignant resource of sobukwes voice that. This readable biography of robert sobukwe, leader of the panafricanist congress, is a. The book gives you more insight on the type of man robert sobukwe was. This site is like a library, use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. In a post walker shared on facebook, he describes a trip he undertook to robben island in 2008, where a guide pointed out the tiny cottage where sobukwe was held in isolation far from the other prisoners, like an island within an island. Letters reveal africanist hero robert sobukwes moral courage. This book, comprising approximately 300 letters, provides access to the voice of robert sobukwe via the single most poignant resource of sobukwes voice that exists. I am greatly privileged to have known him and to have fallen under his spell. He urged blacks to go to the nearest police station and demand arrest. New reflections thoughtprovoking and moving essays collected by benjamin pogrund. Robert sobukwe is the forgotten man of the south african anti apartheid struggle, a founder of the panafricanist congress and chief mover in the antipasslaw demonstrations that led to the 1960 mass.
He died nearly eighteen years later of lung cancer. On 21 march 1960 the apartheid police opened fire on unarmed marchers protesting against a law that forced black people to carry identity documents. Johannes balthazar vorster, the regimes minister of justice called sobukwe a heavy weight boxer when compared to his political opponents in south africa. This is almost a definitive history of the struggle against apartheid from a south african perspective other than mandelas. Robert sobukwe was one of south africas greatest but forgotten heroes of the struggle for human rights and nonracialism. Tiny rowland who was an mi6 agent and an apartheid spy had close. On 21 march 1960 the apartheid police opened fire on unarmed marchers protesting against a law that forced black. Sobukwe was no apartheid sellout, as mapaila claims the. However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study. Mangaliso robert sobukwe is arguably one of the less documented freedom fighters in south africa. The book deals at disproportionate length with sobukwe s rather uneventful postsharpeville years of imprisonment, banishment and final illness, but it also assembles the fullest record to date of his early life and meteoric career in the late 1950s as a nationalist leader.
These letters are testimony to the desolate conditions of his. From this point on, sobukwe was either imprisoned or banned severely restricted in travel, association, and speechuntil his death in february 1978. Numerous and frequentlyupdated resource results are available from this search. The memory of robert mangaliso sobukwe, inspirational political leader and first president of the panafricanist congress, has been sadly neglected in postapartheid south africa. It is also the story of the friendship between robert sobukwe and benjamin pogrund whose joint experiences and debates chart the course of a tyrannous regime.
And take my word, throughout this most interesting read, you. Anc has tried to destroy his legacy and hide his life away from africans but one day the world will know him. Our relation to the states in afrika may be stated precisely and briefly by quoting from george padmores book, pan africanism or communism. Not content that by 3 may 1963 sobukwe would have served his sentence, the apartheid government passed an amendment to the general law amendment act, the notorious sobukwe clause, which. Robert sobukwes moral courage, and pain, revealed in prison. Leader of the panafricanist congress, sobukwe was both a colleague and rival of figures better known today. On 21 march 1960 the apartheid police opened fire on unarmed marchers protesting against a. Robert mangaliso sobukwe was born to hubert and angelina sobukwe on 5 december 1924 at graaffreinet, cape province. Today, there are few memorials to sobukwe, and while his followers venerate him, he has largely been written out of the history of the liberation struggle. Robert sobukwe, south african black nationalist leader. Although apartheid was crushing to indigenous africans, he did not want the struggle to suffer. For leading the antipass campaign of 1960, sobukwe was jailed for many years by the apartheid government, including solitary confinement on robben island, and then banished to kimberley.
History overlooks the role he played in the protests that led to the 1960 sharpeville massacre, and the first global condemnation of the apartheid state. He attended mission school at healdtown and the university of fort hare where he became president of the students representative council, editor of the students magazine inkundla ya bantu and chairperson of the fort hares branch of the african national. Charging the african national congress with being contaminated by nonafrican influences, he founded the panafricanist congress in 1959. Letters reveal africanist hero robert sobukwes moral. At the end of his sentence the government, fearful of his power, rushed the socalled sobukwe clause through parliament, to keep him in prison without a trial. Robert mangaliso sobukwe 5 december 1924 27 february 1978 was a prominent south african political dissident and teacher, who founded the pan africanist congress in opposition to the south african apartheid system. Robert sobukwes poignant and powerful prison letters. Letters reveal africanist hero robert sobukwes moral courage, and pain. Robert sobukwe is the forgotten man of the south african anti apartheid struggle, a founder of the panafricanist congress and chief mover in the antipasslaw demonstrations that led to the 1960 massacre of unarmed protestors at sharpeville. Teacher, lecturer, lawyer, fort hare university src president, secretary of the anc branch in standerton, founding member and first president of the pan africanist congress pac and robben island prisoner. The protest changed the course of south africas history. The memory of robert mangaliso sobukwe, inspirational political leader and first president of the panafricanist congress, has been sadly neglected in post apartheid south africa. Sobukwe and apartheid 9781870015332 by benjamin pogrund and a great selection of similar new, used and collectible books available now at great. Robert sobukwe inaugural speech, april 1959 south african.
Police opened fire on a peaceful crowd in the township of sharpeville and killed 69 people. Its also an inspirational read about sobukwe, who espoused very. Sobukwe and apartheid by benjamin pogrund goodreads. Although i knew a bit about the struggle against apartheid, this book really brought it to life. Because the panafricanist idea was not in the end supported by the antiapartheid leadership, sobukwe and his contributions have been largely forgotten. Robert mangaliso sobukwe 5 december 1924 27 february 1978 was a prominent south african political dissident, who founded the pan africanist congress in opposition to south africa under apartheid and in opposition to the ancs freedom charter of 1955 and idealog. If you are one of those south africans who does not know anything about robert sobukwe, then this is the book to read. Sobukwe and apartheid by benjamin pogrund 97808516936. The following edited excerpt is from a new book featuring the prison letters of robert sobukwe, who organised and led the march.
He was the unsung hero of the apartheid movement because the spotlight has always been on nelson mandela. Selection of robert mangaliso sobukwes letters from prison in opposition to south african apartheid this book collates nearly 300 prison letters to and from robert mangaliso sobukwe, inspirational political leader and first president of the panafricanist congress. Sobukwe, leader of the panafricanist congress, was jailed for three years for incitement. His long imprisonment, restriction, and early death were a major tragedy for our land and for the world.
Robert sobukwe robert mangaliso sobukwe was born on 5 december 1924 in graaffreinet, northern cape province. Selected speeches of robert sobukwe and a minibiography compiled by sinethemba sembene mandyoli. The rand daily mail was the journalistic conscience of apartheid south africa, and pogrund, who worked at the newspaper from 1958 until it was closed in. Robert sobukwe download ebook pdf, epub, tuebl, mobi. Nelson mandela and the south african press under apartheid. Robert sobukwes moral courage, and pain, revealed in. Sobukwe led a march to the local police station at orlando, soweto, in order to openly defy.
I am greatly privileged to have known him and to have fallen. Discussing the future of afrika, padmore observes that there is a growing feeling among politically conscious africans throughout the continent that. A great soul, is a two part documentary on the latter freedom fighter, robert sobukwe, the antiapartheid activist who formed the pan africanist congress pac in 1959 and went on to be. For the next six years, sobukwe was kept in solitary confinement on robben island, the infamous apartheid prison near cape town. He loved africa and african people and grew to become a committed and unflinching freedom fighter. Peter storey defied white prejudice enforced during the apartheid era. Tv documentary chronicles the life of robert sobukwe youtube. This book is the story of this south african hero the lonely prisoner on robben island. Reliable information about the coronavirus covid19 is available from the world health organization current situation, international travel. The book confirms that sobukwe was a brilliant student, disciplined, principled with a sense of humour. The sobukwes were basotho although they settled among amaxhosa in the eastern cape. A landmark in the struggle against apartheid perhaps those who have commented that pac and sobukwe struck a fluke blow at the apartheid regime ought to be forgiven for their understandable ignorance. The book deals at disproportionate length with sobukwes rather uneventful postsharpeville years of imprisonment, banishment and final illness, but it also assembles the fullest record to date of his early life and meteoric career in the late 1950s as a nationalist leader.
This book is about robert sobukwe, a man of giant intellect and character. On march 21, 1960, the pac sponsored a nationwide oneday protest against the apartheid laws requiring blacks to carry passes, during which sobukwe and others were arrested. Speeches of mangaliso robert sobukwe 1949 1959 download. Robery subukwe in south africa was what malcom x was to the united states. Click download or read online button to get robert sobukwe book now. The book is about the life of mangaliso robert sobukwe from birth to the formation of the pac as the author states in the conclusion of the book. Traces the life of robert sobukwe, antiapartheid activist and leader of the pan africanist congress. In march 2019 he was awarded the order of ikhamanga by the president for his contribution to journalism and scholarship. Sobukwe insisted that south africa be returned to its indigenous inhabitants africa for the africans.
Feb 20, 2019 the apartheid government sentenced sobukwe to three years imprisonment in pretoria central and other jails for inciting the antipass protests that led to the sharpeville massacre on march 21 1960. Robert sobukwe was a member of the pac panafricanist congress instead of the anc. The people who knew sobukwe spoke about him in glowing terms. Robert sobukwe ebook by benjamin pogrund rakuten kobo. Oclcs webjunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle. We must fight for freedom for the right to call our souls our own. When he applied to leave south africa permanently together with his family in 1971, the south african government.
Apartheid must be maintained even on the road to eternity. In 1960, sobukwe led the antipass protests, which culminated in the sharpeville massacre, which proved a crucial turning point in the eventual demise of apartheid. In 1970 sobukwe successfully applied for a teaching post at the university of wisconsin in the us, but the apartheid government refused his request for a passport despite assurances that he would be given a visa by the us government. Given sobukwes antagonistic relations both to white liberalism and to the african national congress whom he felt had betrayed the principles of african nationalism, it is. The trouble at the hospital then, i say, should be viewed as part of a broad struggle and not as an isolated incident. Apartheid was characterised by an authoritarian political culture based on baasskap or white supremacy, which ensured that. Selected speeches of robert sobukwe and a minibiography.
Instead of this, we have the sobukwe clause as part of our history. Sobukwe understood the essence of the african liberation struggle too clearly to be misled or compromised. Robert sobukwe is the forgotten man of the south african antiapartheid struggle, a founder of the panafricanist congress and chief mover in the anti. I said last year that we should not fear victimisation. A great soul, is a two part documentary on the latter freedom fighter, robert sobukwe, the anti apartheid activist who formed the pan africanist congress pac in 1959 and went on to be. He attended mission school at healdtown and the university of fort hare where he became president of the students representative council, editor of the students magazine inkundla ya bantu and chairperson of the fort hares branch of the african national congress youth league.
Sobukwe was held on robben island as a political prisoner for his role as the leader of the panafrican movement. A veteran of the struggle against white settler domination like mr. Former pac secretarygeneral thami ka plaatjie has written a new book on former pac president robert sobukwe, in order to overthrow the silence around the panafricanist. Speaking about sobukwe, archbishop desmond tutu has said. Panafricanist congress of azania pac, south african organization and later political party pursuing africanist policies in south africa which they would rename azania for black south africans, in contrast to the nonracial or multiracial policies of other organizations, such as the african. New book overthrows silence around sobukwe city press. Click download or read online button to get speeches of mangaliso robert sobukwe 1949 1959 book now. In this edited extract from his book, i beg to differ, he. This is also where nelson mandela was imprisoned but, unlike mandela, sobukwe was held in isolation for six years away from the main prison in his own. Andrew p walker says benjamin pogrunds robert sobukwe. Robert sobukwe by benjamin pogrund overdrive rakuten. The life of robert sobukwe by benjamin pogrund isbn. Sobukwe was no apartheid sellout, as mapaila claims.73 1027 952 1086 772 761 1047 1369 678 421 1675 644 344 1602 352 803 261 888 1004 1469 235 1350 219 93 1049 228 200 1078 1213 361 1190 76 993 1045 928 1220 408 399 846 120 1438 579