Pygeum bark gained popularity in europe in the 1700s but had been used long before that by south african tribes. Prunus africana is the only indigenous species in the rsa. Antibacterial and antioxidant studies of extracts from. Prunus africana, or african red stinkwood, is an important and lucrative medicinal product traded on international markets. The bark of prunus africana, a tree growing in african highland forests, has been exported from cameroon to europe since 1972 for the treatment of benign prostatic hypertrophy bph. Both the tree and the fruit see beneficial uses in african society. Many publications refer to the medicinal value of p. Sustainability of harvesting prunus africana bark in cameroon. In kwazulunatal it is now locally extinct in more than half the forests in which it used to occur. Plants free fulltext effect of indigenous and introduced. Detection of self incompatibility genotypes in prunus.
Prunus africana populations and inventories in cameroon. Prunus africana definition of prunus africana by medical. Many members of the genus are widely cultivated for their fruit and for decorative purposes. The potential use of prunus africana for the control, treatment and management of common fungal and bacterial infections article pdf available in journal of medicinal plant research 411.
Rwenzori national parks have been discovered to have the highest concentration of the active ingredients needed for treating prostate cancer and other related health problems compared to other tree species in the country. Characterization, evolution and spatial analysis judith ssali nantongo 0 1 2 gerald eilu 0 2 thomas geburek 0 2 silvio schueler 0 2 heino konrad 0 2 0 data availability statement. It can be found at 9003,400 m 3,00010,000 ft above sea level. Data are available in genbank kt985615kt985634 1 national forestry resources research institute, mukono, uganda, 2. Prunus africana is a medium to large, handsome evergreen tree with a spreading crown of 10 to 20 m when mature. Pygeum africanum prunus africana african plum tree monograph. This page was last edited on 12 november 2015, at 10. Conservation by cultivation insitu conservation of representative viable populations exsituconservation bark harvesting from wild populations. Structural distribution of wild prunus africana population in the kilumijim mountain forest. The main stem is straight, with dark brown bark, cracking in a characteristic oblong pattern. Prunus africanus definition of prunus africanus by. Interest in the species began in the 1700s when european travelers learned from.
June detection of self incompatibility genotypes in prunus africana. Sinclair school of agricultural and forest sciences university of wales, bangor. Printed by unesco presse on chlorinefree recycled paper. Pygeum is used for treating symptoms of enlarged prostate benign prostatic hyperplasia, bph and prostate cancer.
Can lessons be learned from an overexploited medicinal tree j. Misango lasto of kisoga trading centre farmers contact person no. Dec 20, 2019 prunus africana belongs to the rosaceae family. Michael murray of settle, a nationally recognized naturopathic doctor and author of many books, including natural alternatives to overthecounter and prescription drugs. Since cudwell industries uganda limited has exclusively funded the whole prunus africana rapid inventory, the findings of this inventory should not be disclosed to any body except nfa. After years of unsustainable harvesting, in 2007 the eu placed an import. Prunus africana or pygeum is an evergreen tree native to the green yet forested regions of africa.
The genus prunus includes almonds, apricots, cherries, plumbs, peaches and nectarines. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. It is also known as red stinkwood, iron n plum, african prune, african cherry, and bitter almond, as well as having many names in local. The genus name prunus is derived from a latin word which refers to the plum family, and the scientific name prunus africana refers to the species of african origin. It is a canopy tree 3040 m in height, and is the tallest member of prunus. Prunus africana bark contains phytochemical compounds used in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer. Acknowledgements i will specially want to thank the research team that worked on prunus africana that is. Prunus africana rapid inventory in 8 districts of uganda report.
Pygeum africanum prunus africana african plum tree introduction pygeum africanum, a member of the rosaceae family, is an evergreen species found across the entire continent of africa at altitudes of 3,000 feet or higher. It can become quite huge under frost free conditions, but is usually mediumsized in gardens. May, 2014 prunus africana, or african red stinkwood, is an important and lucrative medicinal product traded on international markets. Indicationspecific dosing for prunus africana, pygeum. Prunus africanus definition of prunus africanus by medical. Pdf on oct 18, 2015, nyamai dw and others published. The trees many active ingredients have been the reason for its uses as an herbal remedy for a variety of ailments. Prunus africana, the wonder anticancer tree in uganda. Pdf the potential use of prunus africana for the control, treatment. Check other web resources for prunus africana hook. Kalkman is an accepted name this name is the accepted name of a species in the genus prunus family rosaceae. Prunus africana, the african cherry, has a wide distribution in africa, occurring in montane regions of central and southern africa and on the islands of bioko, saotome, grande comore, and madagascar. A wonder medicinal plant it belongs to the rosaceae family and it is also called the red stinkwood tree.
It is a canopy tree 3040 m in height, and is the tallest member of. Prunus africana is, however, the only species native to africa and is an important medicinal tree hall et al. Pdf phytochemical profile of prunus africana stem bark from kenya. Prunus africana plantinfo everything and anything about. Antibacterial and antioxidant studies of extracts from root. It has been shown that this plant establishes association with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi amf. This monoecious tree is native to 21 countries in subsaharan africa figure 2 19, 51, 52. Prunus africana, locally known in cameroon as pygeum or kirah 1, is an evergreen hardwood tree with darkbrown longitudinal fissured bark and simple, thick, leathery, oval, leaves with pointed ends figure 1. A reality check on the prunus africana bark trade as scientists, we need to be looking at the bigger picture if sustainable solutions are going to succeedone that takes into account the whole landscape, from the politics to the people and the economy, sunderland said. Native to the northern temperate regions, 430 different species are classified under prunus. The genus name prunus is derived from the latin word which refers to the plum family and the scientific name prunus africana refers to the species of african origin.
The main stem is straight, with dark brown bark, cracking in a. It is mainly used to treat benign prostate hyperplasia bhp. Prunus africana rosaceaepygeumis an afromontane forest species found only above m altitude and confined to isolated populations forming a wide but disjunct distribution cunningham and mbenkum, 1993 cunningham and mbenkum, 1993a cunningham and mbenkum, 1993b. Kalkman makes for an interesting and important historical case study. Evaluation of polyphenolics content and antioxidant. The plant is called stinkwood because it has wood with an unpleasant odour. Actually prunus africana should be a mans first choice, says dr. Prunus africana has been used for generations in african traditional medicine to treat prostate cancer. Prunus africana rapid inventory in 8 districts of uganda. Indicates countries in which prunus africana is distributed figure2. For proper development of this prunus africana bark haversting. Prunus africana is a species of the rosaceae family, known under its tradepilot name as. National prunus africana management plan for cameroon. Pygeum africanum prunus africana african plum tree.
Uses, side effects, interactions, dosage, and warning. These extension materials and activities complement the monograph and are making a difference in some of the rural communities for which prunus africana is a valuable asset. Bark harvesting has had a devastating effect on the tree in cameroon, africas largest p. Amf are involved in nutrient uptake, which may also affect plant growth and secondary metabolites composition.
It is also the only tall forest member of rosaceae rose family in south africa. Prunus africana is an evergreen tree, ranging between 10 to 36 metres height, with a stem diameter of 1 metre. The fruits of 20 plant species were evaluated using standard protocols. Bears fragrant, small white pinkish flowers in summer, followed by very bitter, pinkishbrown, cherrylike fruits. Prunus is a genus of trees and shrubs, which includes the fruits plums, cherries, peaches, nectarines, apricots, and almonds native to the northern temperate regions, 430 different species are classified under prunus.
African almond sanbi red list of south african plants. However, there is no information regarding the role of. It is a geographically wide spread tree to forest habitats of the african continent. The prunus africana tree species has wide applications in african traditional medicine where its leaves, roots and stem bark are used, although the stem bark of the tree is the main part used for medicinal purposes by the indigenous african people since ancient times. Prunus africana is classified as vulnerable, indicating that the species is facing a high risk of extinction due to overexploitation of bark for the traditional medicine trade. Prunus africana is a species of the prunus genus with a stem. Pdf on mar 19, 2015, terry sunderland and others published prunus africana. The record derives from rjp data supplied on 20111018 which reports it as an accepted name record 25340 with original publication details. A mediumsized tree with a rounded crown and glossy, dark green foliage that has an almond scent when crushed. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license.
Pdf the potential use of prunus africana for the control. Prunus is a genus of trees and shrubs, which includes the fruits plums, cherries, peaches, nectarines, apricots, and almonds. The dull gray to brown bark is pulverized by the traditional healers and used. Media in category prunus africanathe following 15 files are in this category, out of 15 total. Current study was intended to assess polyphenolics content and antioxidant potential in edible wild fruits used as food and to treat various diseases by the inhabitants of himalayan region of pakistan.1030 767 663 55 1372 17 643 1240 355 1477 1113 703 1216 946 437 463 1442 267 1456 1231 1108 629 860 1061 83 1157 523 138 207 937 1008 398 310 89